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Nature And Meaning Of Disability

The respective terms related to specific disabilities are highly varied among Asian ethnic groups. Similarly, traditional Pilipino conceptions of selected disabilities vary according to their expression (e.g., mental, emotional, physical) and presumed etiology. These differing conceptions further suggest corresponding intervention modalities such as previously described under traditional health practices.

Medical Care And Health Practices

As is the case among other Asian immigrant groups, there is considerable intra-cultural diversity among Filipinos with regard to health beliefs and health practices. Centuries of colonialism and the Americanization of Pilipino culture have obviously infused the science of Western medicine and contributed to the training of thousands of Pilipino health care professionals. However, just as the larger contemporary Pilipino culture is a composite of foreign and indigenous elements, health orientations and healing practices also may incorporate traditional Pilipino folk medicine. The various aspects of such folk medicine warrant review.

Filipino, English, Chinese Languages And Globalization

Filipino, English, Chinese Languages And Globalization

Linguists classify Tagalog (and Pilipino, Filipino and Cebuano) as belonging to the Austronesian family of over 1200 living languages, which spread from Taiwan down to New Zealand, across the Pacific to the Hawaiian Islands and Easter Island off the coast of Chile. In the other direction, they spread as far East as Madagascar, which was settled by people from what today we call Indonesia.

Marital And Parental Roles/Expectation Of Culture

It is believed that young people should not marry before they have completed some kind of educational preparation for a career so that they will be economically self-sufficient. They also should be sufficiently mature to assume the responsibilities of raising a family. The typical age for marriage is thus 20-25 years for Filipino women and 25-30 years for men. Once married, Filipinos are expected to start their families within a year or so. The birth of a child fixes the ties between the married couple's respective families. The bond of marriage also is considered permanent; Catholicism and Philippine law prohibit divorce except among Muslims and some unassimilated groups (PAPEP, 1982).

Values And Family

Traditional values pertaining to family, authority, and harmony reflect collectivist values characteristic of many Asian cultures. However, descriptions of surface versus core values indicate contrast, complexity, and possible stereotypic portrayals of the character in literature. A more detailed examination of traditional values and related issues follows.

Family

To understand Filipinos is to accept the complete centrality of the family and that means the extended family, including several generations. No other single aspect of life is likely to be as important, lasting or influential on choices and decisions from childhood to old age. The typical Filipino individual exists first as a member of a family and looks to the family as the only reliable protection against the uncertainties of life.

 

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