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Other Changes Affecting The Filipino Family

In an industrializing country like the Philippines, it is inevitable that the process of modernization will affect all aspects of life.

The kinship system: Many scholarly treatises have been written on the kinship system in the Philippines. Although different patterns exist due to sub-cultural differences, some similarities stand out. In the general context of kinship system, kinship group refers to the unit of society comprising those within consanguineal relationships. In terms of Philippine society, the concept of kinship group is extended to ritual relationships (compradrazgo) and even to individuals related to the family by close family ties.

Economic Pressures OnThe Family

Economic instability may be the most pressing problem of the Filipino family today. The lack of financial resources and/or the competition for the little that is available is affecting the relationships of family members. Poverty is not new and has always been a problem for many Filipino. The years since World War II have brought great economic gains, but poverty has not been eliminated. As indicated in chapter eight, poverty is difficult either to define or to measure but there is no doubt that it affects many families and the depression years starting in 1983 were especially difficult.

Family Dominance

  • Power Patterns
  • Dominant Patterns
  • Tendency toward the
  • Decision-making patterns
  • Joint decision-making
  • Wife-alone decision
  • Authority patterns
  • Authoritarian wife
  • Democratic pattern
  • Influence patterns
  • Wife influence
  • Shared influence
  • Sex-differentiated tasks
  • Joint-task pattern
  • Male-linked pattern
  • Specialized father
  • Specialized father
  • Shared-task pattern

( Mina E .Contado, “Power Dynamics of Rural Families”. The Case of a Samar Barrio”, Philippine Sociological Review 29, nos. 1-4 January-December 1981 ).

The Filipino Family In Modern Society

The process of modernization is catching up with the Filipino family Change must occur if the family is to survive in a changing world the following discussion attempts to analyze the factors of change and their probable effects.

The Size of the Family In spite of family planning programs and education efforts promoted over the country, more children than would be justified by a concern for ending population growth. In spite of the economic difficulties of bringing up children, their birth is welcomed; they are considered "Gifts from God" sent to help their parents obtain a better life through filial love, participation in income generating activities, "insurance" for their parents" old age, and sources of strengthening family bonds.

The Roles Of Husband, Wife, And Children

The father is the principal breadwinner and nominal head of the family. His income is the basis of its economic security. Although the mother shares in the exercise of authority and helps make decisions, the father has the final say.

The male establishes outside, contacts to enhance the family economy and to ally himself with powerful and influential individuals either within or outside the extended kinship group. He is expected to make the right personal contacts to help his grown children find satisfactory jobs. He provides leadership in determining the goals and aspirations of his family. His activities are thus on factors outside the home.

More Articles...

  1. Family Composition
 

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