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Tagalogs Culture, Customs And Traditions

The bayanihan spririt pervades among the tagalogs. This spirit is best shown during their wake for dead.

In Marikina, Metro Manila right after a person breathes his last, his neighbors would build a shed of canvas or split bamboo in his yard or on the street fronting his home, and put long wooden benches for all condolers. Throughout the several days of the wake, those who stay with the family of the deceased are served lunch. In the evening, they are served coffee, rice cakes or sandwiches. The immediate family members of the deceased do not do anything during this time. Everything is done for them by their relatives, neighbors and friends, including monetary contributions to help the family.

Much work in the community is often accomplished through Bayanihan, such as building a nipa hut, house repairing, moving a small nipa house from one barrio to another planting rice and harvesting palay, and preparing food for feast. Willing friends and relatives whose services have been engaged are not paid but are given free lunch and snacks. Free service is extended hoping that when they need help, they can readily ask those they had previously helped.


Tagalog art is shown in literary pieces usually in verse. Plays like the pagbati, karagatan, tagayan, pananapatan, sabalan and tibaw are staged accompanied by songs and dances for different occasios. The karagatan was a debate in verse which later became the balagtasan.

The dances and songs of the Tagalogs developed at almost the same time as the plays. The balatong dalit, hilaw, kutang-kutang, bulay, indullanin, kumintang, salampati, tagulaylay, subli, barimbawi , and tagayan are Tagalog music-and-dance examples.

The needle work of the dalagas of Luzon is a fascinating work of art. Handkerchiefs, centerpieces, tablecloths, blouses, and the barong tagalog have artistic designs. The women spend their leisure hours in embroidery, sewing darning, knitting, crocheting or lace making.

Embroidery is used for decorating pillows, fine linen and children's and ladies'wear. Lace is handmade and used to decorate undergarments, clothes and handkerchiefs.

Other ethnic groups inhabit Central and Southern Luzon like the lhelengs-proud, violent and passionate people. The peace loving Dumagats live in Nueva Ecija, Quezon and Bulacan.

Mindoro is the habitat of the Mangyans. They are by nature shy and peace-loving. Well developed is their sense of belongingness and ownership.


The Tagalogs are found in Central and Southern western Luzon in the provinces of Nueva Ecija, Bulacan, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, Cavite, Batangas, Quezon, Marinduque, Mindoro, Metro Manila and in some towns of Tarlac.

Most Tagalogs live in urban areas, specifically in Metro Manila. This is probably the reason why very often they fell superior over other Filipino groups.

The Tagalog families are close-knit. Very often a Tagalog prefers to stay with their family in his country even if all other friends leave for greener pastures. It also customary for the married children to live with their parents and other married brothers and sisters. Can this be the reason why some people say the Tagalogs have tendencies to be indolent?

The tagalog code of ethics is strict and their pride fierce; they are willing to die for their honor-according to our historian Teodoro A. A goncillo author of the book HISTORY OF THE FILIPINO PEOPLE.

The Tagalogs are lovers of music. As they work in the fields, they sing to the accompaniment of guitar. They do not mind the long hours of work under the heat of the sun when they plant rice as long as they are able to sing as they put their children to sleep of when selling goods in the market.


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