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The Negritos Of Visayan Commnunity

Before the coming of the Spaniards, the Negritos occupied the Visayan community.

According to the Maragtas Code, Panay was inhabited by Negritos, called Ati. They were black and kinky-haired. They lived a peaceful life, hunting wild animals and planting rice and camote in the hills.

With the coming of the Borneans, bloody clashes between the Negritos and the Maraynon (Borneans) took place. The Atis then were forced to settle in the highlands because Marikudo, the Ati chief, gave up and allowed the Maraynon to settle in the lowlands.

Ilongos Culture, Customs And Traditions


Iloilo- province , eastern portion of the island of Panay. It includes offshore islands in the Visayas sea (eats) and Guimaras Island in Guimaras Strait. The province has an area of 2,056 sq. mi. (5,324 sq. km) and is mountainous. In the west and hilly in the northeast, where the Bulabog- Putian National Park lies between Digle and San Enrique. Its irregular coastline has productive fisheries based on the port of Estancia in the north. Drained by the Jalaud River, the central and coastal region, constituting the Iloilo Basin, are level and fertile, and many areas annually harvest two rice crops. Other products include sugarcane, coconuts, bananas, and corn. Forest products and textile manufacturing are also important.

Maguindanaos Culture, Customs And Traditions

Another important Muslim group are the Maguindanaos. They live by the Rio Grande lake.

The Maguindanaos observe a code of conduct called LUWARAN. Among the provisions of this code is one on borrowing and losses. A Maguindanao is expected to return promptly any time borrowed from another person. Failure to do is considered as stealing. Anything who fails to return an object has to replace it completely or else, one Suffers punishment.

A Maguindanao considers an oath or a promise as very important. Anyone who makes a promise or an oath must fulfill it. Non-fulfillment could mean danger to him! Pre-arranged marriages are also common among this group. They believe that this type of marriage leads to a happy, successful and enduring relationships.

The Cebuanos Culture, Customs And Traditions


Cebuano language, also spelled Cebuanos, also called SUGBAHANON, member of the Western, or Indonesian, branch of the Austronesian (Malayo-Polynesian) language family. It was spoken in the late 20th century by as many as 14,6000,000 persons in the Philippines (speakers are spread over eastern Negros, Cebu, Bohol, western Leyte, the Camotes Islands, and the norther and western coasts of Mindanao). Cebuano is closely related to the Hiligaynon (Ilongo) and Waray languages, with which it is sometimes grouped as dialects of a Visayan (Bisayan) language.

People’s In The Mountain Of Luzon

Various mountain region people occupy the region between the Ilocos coastal plain and the Cagayan Valley. This region is composed of Benguet, Ifugao, Mountain Province and Kalinga-Apayaw. It has a total area of 143,181. Rainfall is adequate with the dry season lasting for only three months.

Due to lack of arable land, the people of this region cultivated the slopes which today are considered one of the eight wonders of the world. The principle agricultural products of the community are rice, camote, vegetables, strawberries and coffee.



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