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I (Filipino Cultural Dictionary)

Idyok. [Davao] 1.A. Philippine tree palm variety where a tangy native drink known as saan is extracted. 2.A native palm tree that .is capable, of producing around 20 liters of saan, a local- liquor preferred in. relllote indigenous areas of Davao region.

Iglesya. [Spanish iglesia, ;church.] 1. A religion or a chapel. 2: Also:.Iglesia ni Kristo, a religious denomination.

lkot. [Malay ikut, to follow.] 1.To spin, make a' turnaround, 'or encircle. 2.A lap 3.Slang; to conduct surveillance, or to spy.

Ifun [Cagayan Valley]. The fry of the Pacific salmon, the' lurung. .[See also atabatabiok. ]

H (Filipino Cultural Dictionary)

Habal-habal. [Visayan, slang] 1 A single motorcycle used as public transport that can accommodate as many as five passengers, including the driver. 2. A motorcycle without trappings hired as public transport. 3.Any of the single motorcycle used as public transport in mountainous areas where regular conveyances cannot reach. 4. A motorized transport with extended seats.

Halalan. [Arabic halal, lawful, not forbidden.] 1 An electoral exercise. 2. An election. 3. Halal, to proclaim the winner of an election.

Halal. 1. A Muslim food processed through Islamic rites.2.Any food that is blessed through Islamic ceremony before being processed or packaged. 3. A specific standard covering food products for Muslims, laws that layout the rules on hygiene, preventing contamination from banned and diseased sources, and- specify the proper way to kill animals. 4. Also, in Tagalog: To proclaim an election winner.

F (Filipino Cultural Dictionary)

Filipinas. 1.The term, as distinguished from Pilipinas, made its first public appearance in a stamp issued during the Japanese occupation of Manila in World War II. It was not until 1962 did the Philippine government make a similar change from Filipinas to Pilipinas in officially describing the nation.

Fvayash. [Mt. Province] 1.A native wine produced by the Sadanga tribe from sugarcane and herbs. 2. Also known as basi.

Fvalliwesh. [Mt. Province] 1.A juicer made of metal and a boulder, and is used in extracted juice from sugarcane for use in the fermentation of the basi drink.




G (Filipino Cultural Dictionary)

Gagamboy. 1. Coined in 2003 by Vhong Navarro, a member of the local dance troop Streetboy; it means manspider. 2. Also: Spiderman. 3.Title of the movie with the same title produced in 2003.

Gahasa. [Sanskrit sahasa, rashness.] 1.To rape. 2.To violate a woman without her consent. 3.To deflower a lady by using force. 4.To gang-rape.

Gahong [Visayas] 1. A deer's or wildn boar's snare. 2.A trap wherein sharpened bamboo stalks are half-buried in the center of a six-meter hole but covered on top by twigs, dry leaves, and fallen branches to keep it from the prey's view. 3.Any trap that features hidden implements designed to kill a prey upon faIling into it.

Gakit. [Filipino] 1. A raft used to cross the rivers or negotiate those streams that arenot accessible to regular water transport. 2.A watercraft made either of bamboo, giant banana stalks, or round timber and tied together by abaca twine, rattan strips, or ropes. 3. Any crude water transport normally used to cross flooded areas.

Gamlang. [Ifugao] Y. A knife used in harvesting rice, especially in cutting the stalks or straws known locally as udong. 2.A scythe.3.Equivalent to the Visayan karit.

Garapal. [Spanish garrafal, . shameless or excessive.] 1.A person who knows no shame. 2. Figuratively, a thick-faced fellow. 3.To act without being ashamed of others. 4. Excessively brazen or unabashed.

Ginamos. [Visayan] 1.A process of preserving anchovy or any small species of fish by diluting it with salt and allowed to ferment for weeks before they are· served as appetizer, seasoning, or flavoring. 2.Any method of preservation where salt is used as base to keep meat from being damaged.

Ginataan. [Tagalog] See Binignit.

E (Filipino Cultural Dictionary)

Ecko. [Pampanga] 1.Shrimp paste. 2.Tagalog, hipon.3.Visayan, uyap.

Esay beska [Igorot] A period equivalent toa month.

Esay lesing [Igorot] The period between a major lunar phase and the next phase, which approximates a week in the Gregorian calendar .





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